Glossary

A

accessibility: the quality of being designed to be usable, with or without assistive technologies, by those with vision, hearing, motor, communication, or mental processing impairments

app: interactive resource with a self-contained program or resource that is downloadable to a device

assessment: method or tool used for measuring present levels of student performance and educational needs

adaptive: a course in which technology alters the learning paths based on student analytics

asynchronous learning: a method of instruction where learners do not receive instruction at the same geographical location or at the same time

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B

blended learning: a combination of modes of learning, such as students engaging with content delivered online combined with students learning face-to-face in the classroom

BYOD: an acronym that stands for "Bring Your Own Device," descriptive of a school or classroom in which students can use their personal technology (tablet, laptop, mobile), rather than one provided by the school

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C

Content Quality: As relates to rubrics and scoring for SpotOn™, Content Quality is the SpotOn Dimension for evaluating the resource in terms of educational and factual value

core: full year course measured against a set of state-specific standards

course: a program of study

credit recovery: a program or course that provides students with an opportunity to retake coursework through alternative methods in order to earn course credit

criteria: As relates to SpotOn, the twenty-one items outlined in our rubric which comprise the four SpotOn Dimensions

curriculum: the content and specifications of a course

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D

differentiated learning: the practice of acknowledging and adjusting instruction in response to individual learning needs within a group of learners

digital content: resources available in a technology-, web-, or computer-based format

digital platform: the software, hardware, or web application which hosts and runs digital content, such as a CD-ROM, the Internet, or an app

Digital Review Specialist (DRS): an educator trained by SpotOn to evaluate digital offerings and generate a product review using SpotOn’s rubric

digital resource: electronic images, videos, web links, lesson plans and other content that can be used for delivering interactive lessons

Dimension: in SpotOn, a section of the evaluation rubric, such as Content Quality, Pedagogy, Technology, or Standards, which comprise various criteria

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E

enrichment: concepts, methods, or activities added to existing lessons or curriculum to enhance learning

English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction: program of instruction for non- or limited-English-speaking students. Additional terms used include English Language Learner (ELL) and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL).

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F

flipped instruction: a pedagogical approach in which students learn lessons at home and spend their classroom time applying what they have learned with help from their instructor

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G

game: interactive resource intended to accomplish a goal through levels of increasing complexity and a motivational reward system

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I

individualized learning: personalized learning strategies that use a person's abilities and interests to guide instruction

inquiry-based learning: a process that begins with posing questions, problems or scenarios, rather than presenting established facts

intervention: a supplemental educational program or action, generally delivered as a response to below-level student achievement

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L

labs/hands-on learning: knowledge gained through first-hand experiences rather than learning through books, lectures, or other secondary approaches

Learning Management System (LMS): software that works as a tool to help schools and organizations create, implement, and maintain e-learning courses

learning object: a resource used to enhance digital learning tools and assets, often used as a building block within a lesson, unit, or course

lesson: a logical sequence of learning experiences focused on a specific learning target

Lexile™ level: a quantitive measure of reading ability

Learning Tools Interoperability (LTI) compliant: refers to the ability of learning management systems (LMS) to support integration of learning tools as "plug-and-play" applications

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M

metadata specialist: one of SpotOn's team members who specialize in product information retrieval and taxonomy

module: a self-contained subdivision of a program of study

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N

non-core: full year course not measured against a set of state-specific standards. (May be measured against a set of national standards, when applicable, or to a topics list.)

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O

Open Education Resource (OER): freely accessible digital resources used for teaching or learning that is made available through open licensing

Ohio's Learning Standards (OLS): Ohio's state standards for PreK-12 social studies and science

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P

Pedagogy: in SpotOn's rubric, the SpotOn Dimension for evaluating a resource's instructional methods

personalized content: adaptation of content to meet the unique needs of every learner

project-based learning: An educational approach where students investigate a complex problem, question, or challenge by completing long-term projects and building upon concepts

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R

rubric: a scoring tool that represents performance expectations measured against a specific set of criteria


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S

self-paced learning: programs of study that allow individuals to progress at their own pace

small group instruction: process by which an instructor facilitates students in small groups to explore class material

SpotOn Score: overall score for a resource in a SpotOn Review; determined through the weighted averaging of the Dimension scores

Standards: in SpotOn's core-course rubric, the SpotOn Dimension for evaluating core-course and adaptive resources in terms of alignment to and coverage of a particular set of educational standards, typically at the state or national level

STEM-based learning: instruction that focuses on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

student resource: activities, tasks, and assessments created specifically for student use, often complementary to a teacher resource

subject matter expert (SME): an experienced digital review specialist who reviews the comprehensiveness, accuracy, objectivity, and overall quality of digital content reviews, and has extensive knowledge of academic standards

supplement: ancillary materials used in conjunction with core curricula

synchronous online learning: a method of instruction that allows learners to be in geographically different locations, but all receiving instruction electronically at the same time

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T

teacher resource: lesson plans, teaching ideas, worksheets and interactive lessons created to assist with classroom instruction

Technology: in SpotOn's rubric, the Dimension for evaluating the resource's digital platform and interface

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U

unit: a group of connected lessons


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#

1:1 technology: one electronic device for every student in a cohort, such as a classroom, grade, school, or district


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